Gallery with hyperlinks
Visit our "Battles" gallery for sketches and paintings of major battles in chronological order and links to the battle reports in the Official Records.
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1854 Anti-Slavery notherners found the Republican Party
1855 The Kansas-Nebraska Act allows incoming settlers to decide to be a slave state or a free state
1859 John Brown attempts to incite a slave uprising at Harper’s Ferry, is later executed for treason against the state of Virginia
1860 November 6 –Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln wins the presidential election in the electoral college but lacks a majority of the popular vote (1.9 million out of 4.7 million votes cast) signaling a divided nation
Trying to find battle reports in the Official Records can be frustrating. Here’s a quick reference guide for using the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion aka Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies to aid your efforts.
Even in 1862 the Battle of Hampton Roads was recognized as a turning point in history: “Thus terminated the most remarkable naval combat of modern times, perhaps of any age. The fiercest and most formidable naval assault upon the power of the Union which has ever been made by the insurgents was heroically repelled, and a new era was opened in the history of maritime warfare.” 1